This is a tool to help you understand where money was spent by the EU between 1986 and 2016. The best way to learn how to use it is to try changing things and then look at the maps and graphs at the bottom.

Select year range

Which years do you want the data to cover?

Which types of EU spending do you want to explore?

Which countries would you like to include?

Which areas would you like to include?

How do you want the spending presented?

All spending takes inflation into account and is expressed in constant 2015€s.

Per resident
Average per year


How this tool works and FAQs.

What are the four different funds?

Data is split into the four regular funding streams of the EU. Specifically these are, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF), the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD), and the Cohesion Fund (CF). A full description of what each one funds and the mechanism for assigning and disbursing funding is in the links.

Where is the data from?

The data that powers this tool is provided by the European Commission under an open license from the European Structural & Investment Funds Data site. We use the reported data, not the modelled data.

How are you dealing with inflation?

Prices are in constant 2015 €s. The raw data is not adjusted for inflation, so we do it ourselves. The inflation adjustment is done using the HICP all items index which goes back to 1996. Prices before this are deflated at an assumed inflation rate of 2% per year.

What about the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)?

Spending on the CAP is contained within the EAFRD figure, as per the following statement from The European Parliament, “The common agricultural policy (CAP) was financed from a single fund, the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF), which on 1 January 2007 was replaced by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD)”.

When will this data be updated?

We will update the tool as new data becomes available, but probably not beyond the UK exiting the transition period it has agreed having left the EU.

Why do the maps not include peripheral regions of the EU?

We have removed peripheral regions of the EU while retaining them in the data. We are working to add them back in to the map.


Visualisation © Open Innovations 2021

Spending data (Public Domain)

Boundary data for NUTS2 regions (EUPL 1.2).